Gustav Freytag was a Nineteenth Century German novelist who saw common patterns in the plots of stories and novels and developed a diagram to analyze them. He diagrammed a story's plot using a pyramid using five distinct points.
1. Exposition: setting the scene. The writer introduces the characters and setting, providing description and background.
2. Rising Action: the story builds and gets more exciting.
3. Climax: the moment of greatest tension in a story. This is often the most exciting event. It is the event that the rising action builds up to and that the falling action follows.
4. Falling Action: events happen as a result of the climax and we know that the story will soon end.
5. Resolution: the character solves the main problem/conflict or someone solves it for him or her.
NOTE: The inciting incident or conflict happens after the exposition and begins the action of the story. A single event usually signals the beginning of the main conflict. The inciting incident is sometimes called 'the complication'.
Watch this video to learn how to organize a story's plot using the Pixar classic, "Finding Nemo."
Read this classic children's story (don't worry, it's short) and then apply the plot structure and character types in the quiz on Google Classroom (https://goo.gl/DbJ1RA)